Global Positioning System reverse type 2 diabetes with weight loss program

Global Positioning System reverse type 2 diabetes with weight loss program

Professor Taylor said: "These findings are very exciting".

Almost half of patients with type 2 diabetes can achieve remission through a GP-delivered weight loss program, a United Kingdom study shows.

The study included 298 patients, aged 20 to 65, who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes within the previous six years.

Remission from diabetes was achieved in 46% of the intervention group and 4% of the control group.

The team's findings revealed that after 12 months of radical weight management, participants lost an average of 10 kilograms (22 pounds), and that 45.6 percent of them went back to being non-diabetic without medication.

"Substantial weight loss results in reduced fat inside the liver and pancreas, allowing these organs to return to normal function".

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The team found that diabetes remission was closely linked with weight loss, with nearly nine out of 10 people (86%) who lost 15kg or more putting their type 2 diabetes into remission.

More than four million people in Britain have Type 2 diabetes, costing the NHS £14 billion a year. "Our findings suggest that even if you have had type 2 diabetes for six years, putting the disease into remission is feasible", University of Glasgow professor Michael Lean, co-lead researcher, explained to The Guardian.

Type 2 diabetes can be reversed following an intensive weight management programme, and remission is a "practical target for primary care practices", the lead researchers of a ground breaking study have concluded. The other half were taken off drugs and put on a strict diet of no more than 853 calories a day for three months, eating only diet shakes or soups. Interesting, indeed, as numerous current treatments for type 2 diabetes involve medication and even surgery to restrict stomach capacity. Evidence that Type 2 diabetes remission could be possible is building, but this research isn't finished yet.

The patients will have to keep to their healthy habits to avoid reverting back to diabetes, the scientists warned. "Diet and lifestyle are touched upon but diabetes remission by cutting calories is rarely discussed", coauthor Roy Taylor added. The trial was delivered through GP practices across Scotland and Tyneside to find out if the benefits of a structured weight management programme can be felt in a real-life primary care setting.

"The trial is ongoing, so that we can understand the long-term effects of an approach like this".

Prof Taylor said that while bariatric surgery such as gastric bands would reverse diabetes in around three-quarters of patients, it was "more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients".

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