University Of Michigan Professor Wins Nobel Prize For Work With Lasers

University Of Michigan Professor Wins Nobel Prize For Work With Lasers

"Work on laser tweezers and laser manipulation started when I asked a simple question: Was it possible to move small particles by pushing on them with a laser light beam?", said Ashkin in a speech given upon his winning the Israel-based Harvey Prize in 2004. The award meant Strickland became the first woman in 55 years to take out the prize, after Maria Goeppert-Mayer's win in 1963.

Sweden's Royal Academy of Sciences, which chose the winners, said Strickland and Mourou will receive a quarter of the prize each for their work "generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses", which have become a critical part of corrective eye surgeries amongst other uses.

The Nobel prizes have always been dominated by male scientists and none more so than physics.

The CERN controversy - and the overall lack of female Nobel winners - has highlighted the obstacles that women often face in science fields, particularly in physics.

While women are generally underrepresented in fields like science and technology, the disparities in physics seem to be particularly pronounced, said Rachel Ivie, director of the Statistical Research Center at the American Institute of Physics.

Atlas Obscura, an online database of "the world's most wondrous places and foods" was the first to point out on Tuesday - the same day that Strickland was named a victor - that Goeppert-Mayer was referred to in news coverage as a "San Diego Mother".

Earlier in 2018, Wikipedia rejected a Wikipedia user's attempt to create an entry for Strickland, claiming she was not notable enough.

"Obviously we need to celebrate women physicists, because we're out there, " she said.

"This news could not come at a better time", Wade told Reuters. I do not have to go through what they went through because there were women out there paving the way for us.

Last year, the nine people who won Nobel Prizes in all three of the scientific categories were men from Western countries.

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"Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications", the Nobel organizers wrote on prize's Twitter feed.

Dr. Ashkin, 96, is being recognized for the 1986 development of another technique known as "optical tweezers", by which laser light can be used to trap and manipulate living cells.

At 96, Ashkin is the oldest ever Nobel prize victor, but he is still busy with fresh research.

Prof Ashkin told the Nobel committee that he may not be able to give any interviews because "he is very busy with his latest paper".

Ashkin said he was pleasantly surprised when he got the 5 a.m. call from Sweden.

The two "paved the way towards the shortest and most intense laser pulses created by humankind", the committee said.

It is noteworthy that Dono Strickland is also the 3rd female scientist to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics after a long time.

The Nobel chemistry prize comes Wednesday, followed by the peace prize Friday.

Arnault is married to a member of the Swedish Academy which selects the Nobel Literature Prize victor, with the scandal prompting the postponement of this year's award.

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