China launched a mission to the dark side of the moon

China launched a mission to the dark side of the moon

The far side of the moon was officially observed in 1959 by the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft.

He said that this particular mission is extremely significant as well as a very important accomplishment in the exploration of Moon.

On board is a lander which, if all goes smoothly, will soon make history by touching down on the far side of the Moon.

It also presents communication difficulties because the far side of the moon always points away from Earth, meaning signals could be blocked.

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If the landing turns out to be successful, the spacecraft, Chang'e-4 will also move ahead to conduct the first-ever experiments based on radio astronomy from the extreme side of the Moon.

"Chang'e-4 is humanity's first probe to land on and explore the far side of the moon", said the mission's chief commander He Rongwei of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp, the main state-owned space contractor. They include low-frequency radio astronomical studies - aiming to take advantage of the lack of interference on the far side - mineral tests, and experiments planting potato and other seeds, local Chinese media reported.

The Chang'e 4 rover is 1.5 meters (5 feet) long and about 1 meter (3.3 feet) wide and tall, with two foldable solar panels and six wheels.

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"The soft landing and exploration of the far side, which has never been done before, will gain first-hand information about the terrain and lunar soil components and other scientific data, which will help enrich our understanding of the moon and the universe", said Zhang He, executive director of the Chang'e-4 probe project.

The mission will be supported by the Queqiao relay satellite, launched in May and placed in orbit beyond the Moon in June.

Model of Chang'e moon lander.

The mission will explore the composition of the Moon's largest impact crater, called the Von Kármán crater, which is 115 miles across (186 kilometres).

Beijing is pouring billions into its military-run space programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022, and of eventually sending humans to the moon.

#BREAKING: China launches Chang'e-4 lunar probe in the early hours of Saturday.

According to The Guardian, the mission of the Chinese space Agency has named Chang'e-4.

The mission is trickier than usual because there is no direct line between the lander and Earth.

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